Earthbag Homes are exactly what they sound like – bags filled with earthen materials stacked to make a house. Sandbags have long been used to create military bunkers and flood walls, but their role in building homes is fairly new.

In the 1970s, Iranian architect Nader Khalili, who established the California Institute of Earth Art and Architecture in California, developed this technique to provide low cost housing and even lunar housing on the moon for astronauts. They are extremely strong and can withstand earthquakes, fire, floods, bullets…

Here’s a pictorial essay of how we built the Earthbag Golghar and trained the villagers and other participants.

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Earthbag Homes Around the World

The Mud Home by my friend, Atulya. Took 6 weeks to build and cost ~ INR 350,000. The inspiration behind The Earthbag Golghar.

One of the first structures by renowned Earthbag builder, Kaki Hunter with her partner, Doni Kiffmeyer.

Earth-sheltered Earthbag shed by Owen Geiger for ~ INR 20,000. Geiger explains how to build your own at Mother Earth News

Japanese architect, Kikuma Watanabe’s vision of an Eco-Village for an East African Community